Xanthorhiza simplicissima yellow-root Ranunculaceae XASI; NY, ct; Q (USDA, NRCS 2010);

Xanthorhiza simplicissima.pl.wikipedia.org

Xanthorhiza simplicissima.pl.wikipedia.org (Accessed 8/2014).

Xanthorhiza simplicissima is a small shrub 30-50 cm tall, wood yellow.

Leaves in dense clusters at ends of stems alternate, pinnate, stalks elongate, leaflets 5, narrowly egg-shaped, deeply toothed and lobed, tips pointed.

Flowers purple-green, 5-parted, sepals petal-like, 0.3 cm long, tips pointed, petals none; oval, flat, fleshy, nectar-bearing staminodea 0.1 cm long on stalks in a ring between sepals and yellow stamens; blooms April.

Fruit dry, hollow, slightly hairy, seeds 1-2.

Wetland status: FACW.

Frequency in NYC: Very infrequent.

Origin: Native.

Habitat: Moist woods.