Viola pedata birdsfoot violet Violaceae VIPE; Bx, pb; R;


Viola (Accessed 5/2014).

Viola pedata is a low perennial herb from a root crown. 

Leaves tufted, palmately divided into a number of narrow segments with toothed tips. 

Flowers dark to light lilac to 3 cm wide, bilaterally symmetric, 5 parted, hairless, stamens large, orange, longer than petals, style club-shaped, concave at slanted tip. 

Fruit a dry capsule, seeds coppery (no closed flowers); seeds often dispersed by ants that eat the aril and drop the seed further from parent plant (Beattie and Lyons 1975); blooms April-May. 

Wetland status: NL. 

Frequency in NYC: Very infrequent. 

Origin: Native. 

Habitat: Dry open woods, in gaps.