Viola palmata wood violet Violaceae VIPA; Bx, pb; R;

Viola palmata .David G. Smith.www.delawarewildflowers.org

Viola palmata .Copyright David G. Smith.www.delawarewildflowers.org (Accessed 5/2014).

Viola palmata is a low, stemless perennial herb, from a short rootstock. 

Leaves basal, early leaves toothed, later leaves, palmately lobed and dissected with 5-11 narrow segments, large teeth toward lobed base. 

Flowers of two types, early, open flowers, bilaterally symmetric, 5 parted, violet to streaked with white, to 3 cm wide, 3 lower petals bearded; closed flowers, later in season, stems shorter than leaves. 

Fruit dry, hollow, capsule longer than sepals, splitting open to release seeds; seeds brown, 0.2 cm, with a small fleshy attachment (aril) adapted for dispersal by ants. 

Wetland status: NL. 

Viola palmata early leaves. B. S. Walters. Herbarium University of Michigan .michiganflora.net

Viola palmata early leaves. B. S. Walters. Herbarium University of Michigan .michiganflora.net (Accessed 4/2017).

Frequency in NYC: Very infrequent. 

Origin: Native. 

Habitat: Rich woods especially on calcareous soils. Shade tolerant.