Viola macloskeyi small white violet Violaceae R, cp;

Viola macloskeyi.commons.wikimedia.org

Viola macloskeyi.commons.wikimedia.org (Accessed 5/2016).

Viola macloskeyi is a perennial, stemless herb from long, slender rhizomes; also reproducing from stolons (as with a strawberry), hairy to smooth.

Leaves basal, leaf stalks green, blade rounded, to heart-shaped, to kidney shaped, 1-3 cm wide at flowering time, later expanding up to 8 cm wide; deeply lobed at base, with a broad space between the lobes; margin  bluntly toothed (crenate).

Flowers white, sometimes fragrant, bilaterally symmetrical, on stalks equaling or longer than the hight of the leaves; petals 5, lowest 3 with brownish-purple veins at base, the side petals hairless or nearly so, 2 upper petals widest above the middle (obovate).

Fruit of the closed flowers (cleistogamous) green 0.4-0.6 cm long.

Wetland status: OBL. 

Frequency in NYC: Very infrequent. 

Origin: Native. 

Habitat: Wet soil, along streams.