Viburnum opulus var. opulus  (V. opulus) European cranberry bush Caprifoliaceae  VIOP*; Bx, br, pb, wv; NY, ct, iw; Q, cu, wl; R, cl, gb, js (planted);

Viburnum opulus var.opulus. Rob Broekhuis

Viburnum opulus var.opulus. Rob Broekhuis (Accessed 6/2014).

Viburnum opulus var. opulus is a shrub, to 4 m tall, stems gray-brown, smooth; winter buds green, two-scaled.

Leaves opposite, maple-leaf-shaped, 3-lobed, toothed, 4-12 cm long, tip pointed, base blunt, dark green above, paler, finely hairy below, stalks 1-2 cm, with several disk-like, flattish or concave-topped, unstalked glands near top and two small, linear stipules at base.

Flowers white, inner flowers of cluster very small, outer flowers larger about 2 cm wide; inflorescence flat topped, umbrella-like; blooms May.

Fruit red, fleshy, becoming translucent, about 1 cm wide, bird dispersed, persistent into winter.

Wetland status: NL.

Frequency in NYC: Infrequent.

Origin: Europe, N. Africa, N. Asia.

Habitat: Planted or escaped. Apparently shade tolerant and tolerant of occasional flooding.

Notes: Very similar to V. trilobum (V. opulus var. americanum, (American cranberry bush) except for disk-like leaf stalk glands. Apparently subject to stem blight in warm, humid climates (Dirr 1990; Rehder 1986).