Vaccinium pallidum  (V. vacillans) early lowbush blueberry Ericaceae VAPA; Bx, pb; NY, ft; Q, cu; R, ah, ar, bd, ca, cl, cp, gb, ev, h, is, k, lp, sm, sv, t, v, wp;

Vaccinium pallidum, leaf underside. 7:4:2015, back yard

Vaccinium pallidum, leaf underside & top, M. B. Gargiullo 7:4:2015

Vaccinium pallidum.flowers.Stan Gilliam, hosted by the USDA-NRCS PLANTS DatabaseVaccinium pallidum is a low shrub to 80 cm tall; colonial from underground stems, roots associated with highly specialized Ascomycota ericoid mycorrhizae, (Allen1991).

Leaves alternate, egg-shaped, to 5 cm long, 2.5 cm wide, pale green above, whitish-waxy below, leathery, few or no teeth. 

Flowers white, cylindrical to urn-shaped, to 0.8 cm long, calyx and flower stalk whitish-waxy; blooms April-June. 

Vaccinium pallidum. By Arthur Haines. Copyright © 2015.New England Wild Flower Society.gobotany.newenglandwild.org

Vaccinium pallidum. flowers.By Arthur Haines. Copyright © 2015.New England Wild Flower Society.gobotany.newenglandwild.org (Accessed 7/2015).

Fruit fleshy, to 0.8 cm, blue with waxy bloom, edible. Fruit eaten by many birds and mammals, including bears, raccoons, coyotes, foxes, skunks and opossum (Wilson 1993). 

Wetland status: NL. 

Frequency in NYC: Frequent.

 Origin: Native. 

Vaccinium pallidum.JK Marlow. jkm0307k_31 July.Greenville County.SC.Native and Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas and Georgia.namethatplant.net

Vaccinium pallidum.fruit.JK Marlow. jkm0307k_31 July.Greenville County.SC.Native and Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas and Georgia.namethatplant.net

Habitat: Dry oak woods and fields. Usually on acid, nutrient–poor soil. Tolerates acid soils down to pH 3.9 (Greller et al. 1990), found in soil pH 4.4-5.0 (Gargiullo unpublished data). More common than V. angustifolium in NYC. a Also appears more shade tolerant. 

Notes: Twigs eaten by deer and rabbits (Martin et al. 1951).