Uvularia sessilifolia sessile-leaved bellwort Liliaceae UVSE; Bx, br, pb; Q, cu; R, ah, ar, bd, c, ca, cp, cn, ev, gb, h, lp, ml, pm, ro, sm, sv, t, w;

 

Uvularia sessilifolia.MBGargiullo.ca 2011

Uvularia sessilifolia.MBGargiullo.ca 2011

Uvularia sessilifolia is a perennial monocotyledon, herb, 10-30 cm tall, colonial from short rhizomes that become detached from the parent plant; stem thin, forked in older plants, 0-2 leaves below fork. 

Leaves alternate, stalkless, pale dull glue-green, whitish below, young leaves pointed at both ends, becoming egg-shaped at maturity to 8 x 3 cm, veins parallel. 

Flowers pale yellow, about 2 cm long, bell-shaped, contain nectar, pollinated by bees (Andrena spp.), (Motten 1986), 1-2 flowers, dangling from under stem; blooms April-mid-June. 

Fruit dry, papery, hollow, 3-sided, few-seeded, summer, probably ant dispersed (Matlack 1994). 

Wetland status: FACU-. 

Uvularia sessilifolia.fruit.MBGargiullo.6/2016

Uvularia sessilifolia.fruit.MBGargiullo.6/2016

Frequency in NYC: Frequent. 

Origin: Native. 

Habitat: A forest interior herb in undisturbed sites, shade tolerant but emerging before canopy closes, found in soil with pH 4.4-5.6 (Gargiullo, unpublished data), sometimes found with Maianthemum canadense