Trillium cernuum var. cernuum nodding trillium Liliaceae TRCE; Bx, pb (transplanted from L.I.); Q a (probably planted), cu (probably extirpated);

Trillium cernuum var. cernuum.Walt & Louiseann Pietrowicz.New England Wild Flower Society.gobotany.newenglandwild.org

Trillium cernuum var. cernuum.Walt & Louiseann Pietrowicz.New England Wild Flower Society.gobotany.newenglandwild.org (Accessed 5/2014).

Trillium cernuum var. cernuum is a perennial herb, monocotyledon 20-40 cm tall from a short, stout rhizome, to 3 cm wide, very sparsely colonial, stem erect. 

Leaves three in a whorl at top of stem, just below flower stalk, leaf stalk almost none, blade 4-15 cm long and wide, broadly rhombic-egg-shaped, tip long-pointed, base narrowed to a point, major veins palmate at base, secondary veins netted. 

Flowers white to slightly pink, radially symmetrical, fragrant, petals 3, 1.5-2.5 cm long, 0.5-1 cm wide, stamens 6, anthers pink, 0.3-0.5 cm, often longer than filaments, ovary white to pink, sepals 3, green, alternating with petals; flower solitary, on a stalk 1-5 cm long, nodding, often hidden below leaves; blooms May-June. 

Fruit at first fleshy, dark red, oval, seeds several, eventually splits open to release seeds that have a fleshy attachment (aril) (Phillips1985). Seeds with arils are usually adapted to ant dispersal. 

Wetland status: FACW. 

Frequency in NYC: Very infrequent. 

Origin: Native. 

Habitat: Plants in Pelham Bay Park were donated from a site in Nassau Co., Long Island. Trilliums are generally adapted to shady understories of woodlands with rich, moist, slightly acid soils.