Trifolium pratense red clover Fabaceae TRPR2*; Bx, cn, pb, sf, sn, vc, wv (Yost et al. 1991); NY, ct, hb, iw, wr; Q, a, cu, f, fr, ft, j, lk, tl, u, wl; K, do, fs; R, ar, bg, bm, c, cg, cl, cp, cs, d, e, fk, h, is, js, jw, k, lp, sm, sv, ty, v, w, wp, wt;


Trifolium pratense.Leo

Trifolium pratense.Leo (Accessed 4/2015).

Trifolium pratense is a perennial herb, erect usually to 80 cm tall; stems hairy. 

Leaves 3-parted, stipules awned, lower leaves long-stalked, upper leaves short-stalked to stalkless, leaflets white-spotted, larger than those of T. repens. 

Flowers purple-red, 0.1 cm long, bilaterally symmetrical, pea-flower-shaped, individual flowers stalkless (sessile); flower heads rounded, to 2 cm; blooms May-Aug. Old flower heads often tuning black. 

Fruit a dry pod.

Wetland status: FACU-. 

Frequency in NYC: Very common. 

Origin: Europe. 

Habitat: Open, weedy areas, roadsides, on fill, lawn edges. 

Notes: Foliage eaten by rabbits and woodchucks, seeds eaten by numerous birds and small mammals (Martin et al. 1951).