Solidago odora sweet goldenrod Asteraceae SOOD; Bx, pb; NY; R, t;

 

Solidago odora.Bobby Hattaway.www.discoverlife.org

Solidago odora.Bobby Hattaway.www.discoverlife.org (Accessed 4/2014).

Solidago odora is a perennial herb, 60 cm to 1.6 m tall, from a short root crown, upper stem rough-hairy, otherwise smooth. 

Leaves alternate, mostly along stem, 4-11 cm long, 0.5-1.5 cm wide, lance-shaped to linear, margin smooth, stalkless, sprinkled with tiny translucent dots, anise scented when crushed. 

Flowers yellow, rather showy, of two types in small heads, rays 3-5, disk flowers 3-5, basal bracts of flower heads 0.3-0.4 cm, slender, yellowish, inflorescence branched along a central axis branches curved back, flowers along upper side, July-Sept. 

Fruit dry, achenes, plumed, wind dispersed. Seeds eaten by birds and small mammals, plants eaten by rabbits and deer (Martin et al. 1951). 

Wetland status: UPL. 

Frequency in NYC: Infrequent. 

Origin: Native. 

Habitat: Dry, open woods and open areas, often in sandy soil.