Solidago nemoralis gray goldenrod Asteraceae SONE; Q, j; R, c, ca, cp, gb, k, sv, ty;

 

Solidago nemoralis.Janet Novak.www.ct-botanical-society.org

Solidago nemoralis.© 2003.Janet Novak.www.ct-botanical-society.org (Accessed 4/2014).

Solidago nemoralis is a perennial herb 10-100 cm tall, from a branched, woody base, stems solitary or tufted, densely, finely grayish-hairy.

Leaves: basal leaves rather spatulate, toothed, forming a winter rosette, blade densely, finely hairy, 5-25 cm long, 0.8-4 cm wide, stem leaves entire. 

Flowers yellow, of two types in small heads, ray flowers 5-9, short, disk flowers 3-6, bracteate base of flower head 0.3-0.4 cm long, inflorescence branched, often narrow, tip nodding, sometimes larger and broader, flowers on one side of branches, self incompatible, pollinated by bees feeding on nectar and pollen, also visited by wasps, flies and soldier beetles, Aug.-Sept. Flowers eaten by Blister beetles, Epicauta pennsylvanica (Gross and Werner 1983). 

Solidago nemoralis.Jeff Hansen.Copyright © 1998-2017.leaves.Kansas Native Plants.kansasnativeplants.com

Solidago nemoralis.leaves.Jeff Hansen.Copyright © 1998-2017.Kansas Native Plants.kansasnativeplants.com (Accessed 3/2017).

Fruit dry achenes, short hairy, wind dispersed through autumn; seeds eaten by birds and small mammals, plants eaten by rabbits and deer (Martin et al. 1951). 

Wetland status: UPL. 

Frequency in NYC: Infrequent. 

Origin: Native. 

Habitat: Dry, sandy soil, open woods, burned over areas, meadows.