Rosa virginiana is a prickly shrub, to 2 m tall, slightly colonial; 2 prickles at nodes, base flattened, often half as long as prickle, few or no prickles along internodes; stipule margins usually with glandular tipped teeth.
Leaves alternate, pinnate with 7-9 leaflets, margin toothed, teeth about 0.1 cm high.
Flowers pink, showy, to 7 cm wide, solitary or few, base (hypanthium) glandular-hairy, sepals often elongate, to 3 cm, petals 2-3 cm long; blooms July.
Fruit red, to 1.5 cm long, eaten by birds, seeds 0.4 cm.
Wetland status: FAC.
Frequency in NYC: Infrequent.
Habitat: Open areas, moist to dry soil, especially sandy areas, back dune scrub. Sometimes used in restorations.