Ranunculus acris common buttercup Ranunculaceae RAAC*; Bx, pb; NY; Q, wl; K; R; js, t, w;

 

Ranunculus acris.commons.wikipedia.org

Ranunculus acris.commons.wikipedia.org (Accessed 4/2014).

Ranunculus acris is a perennial herb to 1 m tall, from short root stock, spreading, most parts hairy. 

Leaves alternate, stalks of basal leaves elongate, blade rounded in outline, deeply palmately 3-lobed, lobes divided, lobes narrowed at base, leaves reduced upwards.

Flowers yellow, showy, 2 cm wide, petals 5, 0.7-1.5 cm long, 0.6-1.4 cm wide, widest across top, sepals 5, narrow, 0.4-0.7 cm long, pistils and stamens numerous, pistils in a tight, round cluster, styles very short, slightly hooked, May-Sept, mostly pollinated by bees, also visited by butterflies, beetles, and flies, somewhat self-fertile (slight agamospermy) (Mulligan and Kevan 1973; Wyatt 1983). 

Fruit dry achenes in a rounded head, smooth, flattened, style curved over forming a beak. 

Wetland status: FACW. 

Frequency in NYC. Infrequent. A widespread herb, probably more abundant than indicated here (USDA, NRCS 2009). 

Origin: Europe. 

Habitat: Wet to upland meadows, roadsides, open areas. 

Note: Contains the toxic oil protoanemonin (Kingsbury 1964).