Pyrus Genus apples; pears Rosaceae 

 

Pyrus calleryana.commons.wikimedia.org

Pyrus calleryana.commons.wikimedia.org (Accessed 9/2014).

Pyrus is a genus of trees or shrubs, sometimes with thorns. 

Leaves alternate, simple, toothed, sometimes lobed. 

Flowers showy, white to pink; radially symmetrical, five parted, petals arising from a rounded structure (hypanthium) that surrounds the ovary, stamens 15-50, shorter than petals, styles 2-5. 

Pyrus malus.fruit anatomy.David Webb.www.biologie.uni-hamburg.de

Pyrus malus.fruit anatomy.David Webb.www.biologie.uni-hamburg.de (Accessed 9/2015).

Fruit outer layer fleshy enclosing several stiff, cartilaginous seed cavities (core) each containing two seeds, these often toxic due to cyanide producing toxins.