Prunus avium sweet cherry Rosaceae PRAV*; Bx, br, pb, sf, vc, wv; NY, bl, ct, hb, iw; Q, a, cu, wl; K; R, ca, e, mls, pr;


Prunus (Accessed 9/2014).

Prunus (Accessed 9/2014).

Prunus avium is a tree to 20 m, bark smooth, dark reddish-black with horizontal stripes. The commercial cherry. 

Leaves alternate, egg-shaped to 15 x 5 cm, hairy below, especially along veins, margins coarsely, often doubly, toothed with tiny brownish indentation at tips of teeth, dull dark green above, pale below, stalk about 3 cm long with 2 prominent, often red, glands near top. 

Flowers white, about 3 cm wide, in small clusters, each on its own stalk 2-4 cm long, petals 1-1.5 cm long. 

Fruit Dark red.1-2 cm, in sparse, umbrella-like clusters or solitary, on individual stalks to 5 cm long, pulp lipid <10% (White and Stiles 1992) bird dispersed. Eaten by birds and mammals (Martin et al. 1951). 

Wetland status: NL. 

Prunus avium. bark.By Richard Webb. Copyright © 2015 CC BY-NC 3.0.www.bugwood.orgFrequency in New York City: Occasional. 

Origin: Eurasia. 

Habitat: Escaped from cultivation in successional woodlands, edges, fill. Sometimes locally common. 

Notes: Attacked by black knot fungus (Apiosporina morbosa, Ascomycotina) and other common diseases of Prunus (See P. serotina). Fruits attacked by many insects.