Pinus echinata  short-leaf pine Pinaceae PIEC; R, cp, k;

  

Pinus echinata.conelet.fr.wikipedia.org. (Accessed 8/2014).

Pinus echinata.conelet.fr.wikipedia.org. (Accessed 8/2014).

Pinus echinata is a gymnosperm evergreen tree to 35 m, bark scaly, blackish becoming red-brown plated, twigs breaking sharply, waxy-pale. 

Leaves needle-like, mostly in 2’s, occasionally in 3’s, 7-12 cm long, about 0.1 cm wide, sharp-tipped, flexible, persisting 2-4 years. 

Flowers: None; gymnosperm, cones monoecious; male cones deciduous, in dense clusters at ends of stems; female cones egg-shaped to conical, 4-6 cm long, scales with straight, thin prickle 0.1-0.2 cm long, persisting several years. 

Fruit: None. Seeds winged, wind-dispersed. 

Wetland status: UPL. 

Frequency: rare (NYS S1, U). 

Origin: Native, but more common to the south and west. 

Habitat: dry, sandy or rocky, open soil, pH 4-6 (USDA, NRCS 2010). 

Notes: Found in Kreischer Hill (Charleston), three trees moved in 2004.