Lunaria annua honesty Brassicaceae LUAN; Q, j (Stalter and Lamont 2002); R, rc;

  

Lunaria annua.fr.wikipedia,org

Lunaria annua.fr.wikipedia,org. (Accessed 4/2014).

Lunaria annua is an annual herb to 1 m tall. 

Leaves alternate above, opposite near base, stalk little to none, blade heart-shaped, coarsely toothed. 

Flowers purple, showy, radially symmetrical, 2 cm wide, 4 petals; fragrant; attractive to bees and butterflies (Dave’s Garden 2007). 

Fruit dry, circular, disks to 5 cm diameter, becoming silvery-papery, persistent into winter. 

Wetland status: UPL. 

Frequency in NYC: Very infrequent. 

Origin: Europe. 

Habitat: Escaped from cultivation, in moist soil pH 5.6-7.5 (Dave’s Garden 2007).