Lilium superbum Turk’s cap lily Liliaceae LISU; Bx, pb (DeCandido 2001); Q, cu; R, ah, h, cn, ok, ro, sp, sv, t;

   

Lilium superbum.Toni Harville.North Carolina Native Plant Society.www,ncwildflowwer.org

Lilium superbum.Toni Harville.2004.North Carolina Native Plant Society.www,ncwildflowwer.org. (Accessed 4/2014).

Lilium superbum is a perennial  monocotyledon herb, from a bulb; stem to 2.5 m, sparingly colonial from bulb offsets. 

Leaves stalkless, upper leaves in whorls of 5-20, 8-18 cm long, 1-3 cm wide, lower leaves alternate blades narrowly lance-shaped, pointed at both ends, smooth or with small bumps along margin. 

Flowers orange, with dark freckles, green at base, about 15 cm wide, nodding, sepals and petals alike, 3 each, 5.5-8 cm long, 1-2 cm wide, strongly curled back, tips almost or touching backs; inflorescence of 1-25 flowers (Radford et al. 1968) on long stalks at top of stem; blooms July- Aug. 

Lilium superbum. By Steven Baskauf. Copyright © 2015 CC-BY-NC-SA. Bioimages - www.cas.vanderbilt.edu

Lilium superbum. By Steven Baskauf. Copyright © 2015 CC-BY-NC-SA. Bioimages – www.cas.vanderbilt.edu (Accessed 6/2015).

Fruit a dry, 3-parted, oblong capsule, splitting open to release, many flat, papery, winged seeds during fall and winter. 

Wetland status: FACW+. 

Frequency in NYC: Infrequent. 

Origin: Native. 

Habitat: Moist to wet forests. Quite shade tolerant. Very persistent in deep shade but not flowering. Found in soil pH 4.4-5.0.