Lilium canadense is a perennial, monocotyledon herb from a bulb; stem erect 60 cm to 1.5 m tall, smooth.
Leaves stalkless, blades in 6-11 whorls of 4-12, but the lowest and uppermost often alternate, larger blades lance-shaped, 8-15 cm long, 0.8-2 cm wide, rough textured on margins and veins below.
Flowers yellow to yellow-orange, with purple spots inside, showy, sepals and petals alike, 3 each, 5-8 cm long, 1.2-2 cm wide, lance-shaped but wider above middle, arching back slightly; stamens 6, slightly longer than petals, ovary superior, style elongate, stigma 3-lobed; inflorescence of 1-5 flowers nodding from long stalks at top of stem; blooms mid-June-early Aug.
Fruit dry, a 3-parted, capsule, splitting open to release many flat, papery, winged seeds during fall and winter.
Wetland status: FAC+.
Frequency in NYC: Very infrequent.
Habitat: Moist to wet meadows and open woods.