Isotria verticillata larger whorled pogonia Orchidaceae ISVE; R, ev, h;

  

Isotria verticillata.©Gary P. Fleming.www.vaplantatlas.org.2014. Virginia Botanical Associate

Isotria verticillata.© Gary P. Fleming. Virginia Botanical Associates Blacksburg. Digital Atlas of the Virginia Flora.www.vaplantatlas.org.2014. (Accessed 4/2014).

Isotria verticillata is a perennial monocotyledon herb from fleshy roots, colonial, stems 20-40 cm tall. 

Leaves 5, 3-8 cm long, in one whorl, on upper stem below flower, oblong. 

Flower greenish-brown to purplish, with conspicuous lines, fragrant, bilaterally symmetrical, thin, spidery-appearing, sepals 3, linear-elongate, 3.5-6.5 cm long, lateral petals wider, 1.5-2.5 cm long, lip about 2 cm, 3-lobed, margin of middle lobe ragged, ovary inferior, elongate, stamen fused to style, pollen in 2 clumps (pollinia); flowering stalk 2-5 cm above leaves; blooms May-June. 

Fruit: a dry capsule, opening by slits, seeds minute, innumerable, dust-like. 

Wetland status: FACU. 

Frequency in NYC: Very infrequent. 

Origin: Native. 

Habitat: Forest understory, acid soil. 

Notes: One colony on Staten Island destroyed by development ca 1998.