Iris pseudacorus yellow iris  Iridaceae IRPS*; Bx, br, bz, cm, pb; NY, ct; Q, u; R, gr, mls;



Iris (Accessed 4/2014).

Iris pseudacorus is a perennial monocotyledon 50 cm to 1 m, aggressively colonial from pink-fleshed rhizomes 2-3 cm wide, flowering stem shorter than or equal to leaves. 

Leaves basal, linear, stiff, erect in fan-shaped arrangement, 0.4–1.0 cm long, 2–3 cm wide, midrib region thickened, apparently wider than those of I. versicolor and more persistent in autumn, veins parallel; old leaves remain as basal fibers (Haller 2007). 

Flowers bright yellow, radially symmetrical 7-9 cm wide, 3 short, erect petals 1-2.5 cm long, 3 larger, pendant sepals; inflorescence stem shorter than leaves; blooms April-June. 

Fruit dry, 6 angled capsule 5-8.5 cm long, cylindrical, valves opening widely to release seeds. 

Wetland status: OBL. 

Frequency in NYC: Infrequent. 

Origin: Europe. 

Habitat: Open marshes, pond margins. Sometimes planted at wetland mitigation sites or landscaping in wet soil (Graniteville swamp forest). 

Notes: Iris pseudacorus is quite invasive and listed as a “noxious plant” in several states including CT, MA and NH in the northeastern USA (USDA, NRCS 2006).