Hieracium canadense  (H. kalmii var. kalmii) Canada hawkweed Asteraceae HIKA; Bx, pb (DeCandido 2001); NY (DeCandido 2001); Q, a; K, p; R (DeCandido 2001);

   

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Hieracium canadense.© 2005 Eleanor Saulys.www.ct-botanical-society.org. (Accessed 4/2014).

Hieracium canadense is a perennial herb 15-100 cm tall, stem solitary, usually hairy, sap milky. 

Leaves alternate, 3-12 cm long, 0.7-4 cm wide, elliptic to widest above middle (oblanceolate), usually with cushions of star-shaped hairs above, long-hairy below (use lens), basal rosette deciduous before flowering, stem leaves 8-20, stalkess (sessile), somewhat clasping, elliptic to egg-shaped, few marginal teeth. 

Flowers yellow, all rays (dandelion-like), bracteate base of flower head dark, 0.8-1.3 cm high; inflorescence terminal, branching; blooms and fruits July-Sept. 

Fruit dry, 1-seeded achenes, 0.2-0.3 cm long with tannish bristles. 

Wetland status: UPL. 

Frequency in NYC: Infrequent. 

Origin: Native. 

Habitat: Open, sandy soil, rocky slopes, open woods. 

Notes: Leaves eaten by rabbits (Martin et al. 1951).