Helianthus giganteus tall sunflower  Asteraceae HEGI; Bx, pb (DeCandido 2001); R (DeCandido 2001);

 

Helianthus giganteus.Thomas G. Barnes @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database.Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky. University Press of Kentucky

Helianthus giganteus.Thomas G. Barnes @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database.Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky. University Press of Kentucky. (Accessed 4/2014).

Helianthus giganteus is a perennial herb, roots fleshy, thickened, stems 1-3 m tall, usually hairy. 

Leaves opposite near base, alternate above, stalk short, blade 8-20 cm long, 1-3.5 cm wide, lance-shaped, rough above, usually hairy below, tip long-pointed, 3-veined at base, margin toothed to almost smooth. 

Flowers yellow, rays 10-20, 1.5-3 cm long, disk yellow, 1.5-2.5 cm wide, basal bracts of head narrow, thin, loose, hairy, often longer than disk, tips long-pointed; infflorescence of one to a few heads at branch tips; blooms and fruits July-Oct. 

Fruit dry, 1-seeded, an achene. 

Wetland status: FACW. 

Frequency in NYC: Very infrequent. 

Origin: Native. 

Habitat: Wet woods, swamps, rich thickets.