Erodium cicutarium storksbill; alfilaria Geraniaceae ERCI*; Bx, pb (DeCandido 2001); Q j, wl; R (DeCandido 2001);

    

Erodium cicutarium.swbiodiversity.org.Max Licher.Southwest Environmental Information Network

Erodium cicutarium. Max Licher.swbiodiversity.org. Southwest Environmental Information Network.SEINet. (Accessed 4/2014).

Erodium cicutarium is a winter annual or biennial C3 herb (Ludwig et al. 2010), from a taproot, stems eventually 10-50 cm tall, weak, hairy, very short when first flowering, becoming taller and branched. 

Erodium cicutarium leaf. By Keir Morse. Copyright © 2018 Keir Morse. New England Wild Flower Society. gobotany.newenglandwild.org

Erodium cicutarium leaf. By Keir Morse. Copyright © 2018 Keir Morse. New England Wild Flower Society. gobotany.newenglandwild.org (Accessed 8/2018).

Leaves alternate, twice pinnately compound, elongate, widest above middle, leaflets to 2.5 cm, stalkless; overwintering leaves in a rosette. 

 

Erodium cicutarium flower. By Glen Mittelhauser. Copyright © 2018 Glen Mittelhauser. New England Wild Flower Society. gobotany.newenglandwild.org

Erodium cicutarium flower. By Glen Mittelhauser. Copyright © 2018 Glen Mittelhauser. New England Wild Flower Society. gobotany.newenglandwild.org (Accessed 8/2018).

Flowers pink-purple, petals to 0.8 cm long, slightly irregular, 2 upper petals slightly smaller than the 3 lower, sepals hairy, bristle-tipped; inflorescence of clusters of 2-12 flowers; blooms and fruits March-Nov. 

Erodium cicutarium fruit. By Keir Morse. Copyright © 2018 Keir Morse. New England Wild Flower Society. gobotany.newenglandwild.org

Erodium cicutarium fruit. By Keir Morse. Copyright © 2018 Keir Morse. New England Wild Flower Society. gobotany.newenglandwild.org (Accessed 8/2018)

Fruit dry, linear capsule to 4 cm long, splits into 5 segments, twisting open from base, hairy inside, each segment with a long, spirally twisting style with a seed attached at the base, style twists hygroscopically, drilling seed into soil. Seeds survive for 1-3 years in the soil (Manitoba Agriculture, Food and Rural Initiatives 2006; Global Invasive Species Database 2005). 

Wetland status: UPL. 

Frequency in NYC: Very infrequent. 

Origin: Mediterranean. 

Habitat: Open, sandy soil, an agricultural weed, also in lawns.