Eragrostis cilianensis stink-grass Poaceae ERCI*; Bx, pb, sw; NY; Q, i, f, ft, lk; K, m; R, bm, jl, lt, sm, w;

Eragrostis-cilianensis.Copyright-© (Accessed 5/2014).

Eragrostis-cilianensis.Copyright-© (Accessed 5/2014).

Eragrostis cilianensis is an annual, C4 grass (Halvorson and Guertin 2003) densely tufted, 10-40 cm tall, usually reclining, base bent, strong-smelling, when fresh, a ring of small, warty glands just below each node; sheaths overlapping, hairy at top and along margin, ligule a band of short hairs.

Leaves alternate, 3-12 cm long, 0.2-0.7 cm wide, leaf edges and lower side of midrib and upper sheath with tiny warty glands or pits.

Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita, Università di Trieste - Progetto Dryades - Picture by Andrea Moro - Comune di Ronchi dei Legionari, località Vermigliano., Go, FVG, Italia, - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share-Alike 3.0 License

Eragrostis cilianensis.Picture by Andrea-Moro.Italia.Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share (Accessed 1/2017).

Flower spikelets large, 0.5-1.5 cm long (Hitchcock 1950), 0.2-0.3 cm wide, 10-40 flowers, flattened, florets closely overlapping, ranked along axis in distinct herringbone pattern, glumes much shorter than spikelet, to 0.3 cm, lemmas prominently 3-veined, flat, keeled, tiny glandular pits on top part of midrib, gray with pale tan veins, grain round, brown when mature; inflorescence 5-15 cm long, densely flowered, often dark, grayish-purple, branches short, stiff, spreading; blooms and fruits July-Oct.

Wetland status: FACU.

Frequency in NYC: Frequent.

Origin: Europe.

Habitat: Open, disturbed soil.

Notes: Appearance similar to E. pectinacea which has much smaller spikelets and narrower leaves with no warts on margins.