Eleocharis tenuis slender spike-rush Cyperaceae ELTE; Bx, pb; Q, u; R, e, h, k, lp;

Eleocharis tenuis plants in bloom. By Marilee Lovit. Copyright © 2018 Marilee Lovit. New England Wild Flower Society. gobotany.newenglandwild.org

Eleocharis tenuis plants in bloom. By Marilee Lovit. Copyright © 2018 Marilee Lovit. New England Wild Flower Society. gobotany.newenglandwild.org (Accessed 4/2018).

Eleocharis tenuis is a perennial spike-rush, colonial from slender, purplish rhizomes, stems slightly tufted or scattered, wiry, slender, 4-8 ribbed, dark red at base, 5-90 cm tall; 

Leaves bladeless, sheath tight, obliquely truncate, orifice dark. 

Eleocharis tenuis inflorescences. By Marilee Lovit. Copyright © 2018 Marilee Lovit. New England Wild Flower Society. gobotany.newenglandwild.org

Eleocharis tenuis inflorescences. By Marilee Lovit. Copyright © 2018 Marilee Lovit. New England Wild Flower Society. gobotany.newenglandwild.org (Accessed 4/2018).

Flower spikelet egg-shaped or oval, wider than stem, dark reddish brown, solitary at top of stem, 0.5-1 cm long, scales dark, margins membranous. 

Eleocharis tenuis fruit. By Arthur Haines. Copyright © 2018. New England Wild Flower Society. gobotany.newenglandwild.org

Eleocharis tenuis fruit. By Arthur Haines. Copyright © 2018. New England Wild Flower Society. gobotany.newenglandwild.org (Accessed 4/2018).

Fruit a dry achene, about 0.1 cm long, 3-sided, surface pitted, capped by prominent tubercle, narrower than achene and separated from top by a groove; May-June. 

Wetland status: FACW+ (USDA, NRCS 2010). 

Frequency in NYC: Infrequent. 

Origin: Native. 

Habitat: Open pond edges, vernal ponds, swamps; intolerant of salt or shade; soil pH 6.2-7, moderately tolerant of fire, and anaerobic soil, intolerant of drought, shade, and salt (USDA, NRCS 2010).