Duchesnea indica Indian strawberry Rosaceae DUIN*; Bx, bg, pb, sf, wv (Yost et al. 1991); NY, ct, hb; Q, a, u; R, bd, h, is;

 

Duchesnea indica.www.invasive.org.James H. Miller & Ted Bodner

Duchesnea indica. James H. Miller & Ted Bodner.www.invasive.org. USDA, NRCS. 2010. The PLANTS Database. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA. (Accessed 4/2014).

Duchesnea indica is a perennial herb, trailing, stems several from one root crown (Yatskievych 2006), aggressively colonial from runners, finely hairy, very similar in appearance to native wild strawberry. 

Duchesnea indica plant in fruit. © Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011. discoverlife.org

Duchesnea indica plant in fruit. © Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011. discoverlife.org (Accessed 4/2018).

Leaves semi-evergreen, alternate, 3-parted, leaflets 2-5 cm long, 1-3 cm wide, margin with rounded teeth. 

Duchesnea indica flower close-up. Josh Hillman. Tallahassee. Florida Nature. floridanature.org

Duchesnea indica flower close-up. Josh Hillman. Tallahassee. Florida Nature. floridanature.org (Accessed 4/2018).

Flowers yellow, radially symmetrical, ca 1.5 cm wide, petals 5, sepals 5, green alternating with petals, stamens 20-25, pistils numerous, embedded in the expanded floral base (receptacle); floral parts above 5 large, 3-toothed bracts. 

Duchesnea indica fruit. JK Marlow. S. Carolina. Native and Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas. namethatplant.net

Duchesnea indica fruit. JK Marlow. S. Carolina. Native and Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas. namethatplant.net (Accessed 4/2018).

Fruit dry 1-seeded (achenes) on the surface of the enlarged, fleshy, red, strawberry-like receptacle; pulp lipid <10%, (White and Stiles 1992), eaten by many birds and small mammals; edible but rather tasteless. 

Wetland status: FACU-. 

Frequency in NYC: Occasional 

Origin: Asia. 

Habitat: light shade of disturbed woods, roadsides, meadows, lawns and gardens. 

Notes: May displace native species in forest understories.