Cyperus erythrorhizos red-rooted flatsedge Cyperaceae CYER; NY; Q;

 

cyperus-erythrorhizos-nrcs-1commons-wikimedia-org

Cyperus-erythrorhizos.NRCS_.1.commons.wikimedia.org (Accessed 12/2016).

Cyperus erythrorhizos is an annual C4 sedge (Li et al. 1999), 10-70 cm tall, tufted, stems stout, roots red. 

Leaves crowded near base, blade 0.2-0.9 cm wide, elongate, sheaths purple at base; inflorescence bracts 3-7elongate, pale on lower surface. 

Flower spikes 1-4 cm long, bottle-brush-like, spikelets 0.3-1.2 cm long, about 0.1 cm wide, axis winged, persistent, scales green-keeled, side gold-brown; inflorescence stalks radiating from top of stem, the outer to 7 cm long the central spike stalkless; blooms and fruits Aug.-Oct.

cyperus-erythrorhizos-u-cal-butte-creek-ecological-preserve-www-csuchico-edu

Cyperus erythrorhizos.U. Cal.Butte Creek Ecological Preserve.www.csuchico.edu (Accessed 12/2016).

Fruit: Achenes whitish unequally 3-sided to 0.1 cm long.   

Wetland status: FACW+. 

Frequency in NYC: Rare (NYS S3, R). 

Origin: Native. 

Habitat: Stream banks, wet soil.