Brassica nigra black mustard Brassicaceae BRNI*; Q, j (Stalter and Lamont. 2002); R (DeCandido 2001); 


Brassica nigra plant in bloom.

Brassica nigra plant in bloom. (Accessed 11/2017).

Brassica nigra is an annual herb to 1.5 m tall, stem rough-hairy below, hairless, waxy-pale above. 

Leaves alternate, lower leaves, divided, with a large terminal lobe, lobes toothed, upper leaves toothed, smaller, all leaves stalked. 

Brassica nigra flowers.

Brassica nigra flowers. (Accessed 11/2017).

Flowers yellow, to 1 cm, 4 petals. 

Fruit capsules linear pointing upward, to 2 cm long, 4-sided, seeds 0.2 cm, wrinkled, contain sinigrin, a precursor of a mustard oil (see horseradish) (Kingsbury, 1964), June-Oct. 

Brassica nigra. plant. en

Brassica nigra. plant. en (12/2014).

Wetland status: UPL. 

Frequency in NYC: Very infrequent.

Origin: Europe.

Habitat: Agricultural weed, in open disturbed areas.