Barbarea verna early yellow rocket; early wintercress Brassicaceae BAVE*; Bx, rd; Q (DeCandido 2001); R, gb;

   

Barbarea verna, plant. Photo by Sandro Maggia. luirig.altervista.org

Barbarea verna, plant. Photo by Sandro Maggia. luirig.altervista.org (Accessed 10/2017).

Barbarea verna is a biennial or short-lived perennial peppery tasting herb to 80 cm tall, stems simple or branched above. 

Barbarea verna 1, Vroeg barbarakruid, Saxifraga-Rutger Barendse. freenatureimages.eu

Barbarea verna 1, Vroeg barbarakruid, Saxifraga-Rutger Barendse. freenatureimages.eu (Accessed 10/2017).

Leaves alternate, basal leaves to 20 cm long, pinnately divided, blade roughly egg-shaped, lateral lobes 4-10 pairs, terminal segment largest, margin broadly toothed, stem leaves smaller, lobes narrow, margins entire. 

Barbarea verna inflorescence. photo by Sandro Maggia. luirig.altervista.org

Barbarea verna inflorescence. photo by Sandro Maggia. luirig.altervista.org (Accessed 10/2017).

Flowers bright yellow, 4-parted, petals to 0.8 cm long, March-May. 

Fruit dry, capsules ascending, 5-7 cm long, slightly flattened, on a stalk to 0.7 cm long, ca 0.2 cm wide, almost a wide as the capsule, seeds ca 0.1 cm. 

Barbarea verna fruit. photo by Sandro Maggia. luirig.altervista.org

Barbarea verna fruit. photo by Sandro Maggia. luirig.altervista.org (Accessed 10/2017).

Wetland status: UPL. 

Frequency in NYC: Very infrequent. 

Origin: Eurasia. 

Habitat: Moist, open soil. 

Notes: Agricultural weed with peppery taste. Barbarea species are host to the larvae of the falcate orangetip butterfly, Anthocharis midea (Pieridae).