Galium mollugo bedstraw Rubiaceae GAMO*; Bx, pb, vc; Q, u, wl; K, m; R, ar, lp, sm;

Galium-mollugo.commons.wikipedia.org_.jpg

Galium-mollugo.commons.wikipedia.org.jpg (Accessed 4/2014).

Galium mollugo is a perennial herb 0.25-1.2 m long, from a branched tap root; spreading by rhizomes (Mersereau and DiTommaso 2003); stems numerous, top more-or-less upright, weak-stemmed from a reclining base, stems smooth to short hairy below, 4-angled. 

Leaves in whorls of 6-8 on main stem, 6 on branches, 1-2.5 cm long, about 0.3 cm wide, 1-veined, oblong-linear, usually widest above middle, margin with minute forward-pointing stiff hairs. 

Flowers white, 4-parted, 0.2-0.5 cm wide; inflorescence terminal, diffuse, often large branching widely. Pollinated by insects (Mersereau and DiTommaso 2003). 

Fruit dry, 2-lobed, smooth, capsule to 0.1 cm long; blooms and fruits June-Aug. 

Wetland status: UPL. 

Frequency in NYC: Infrequent. 

Origin: Eurasia. 

Habitat: Open roadsides, lawns, meadows, fill. 

Notes: Produces a number of chemicals that have allelopathic effects (Mersereau and DiTommaso 2003).