Vitis vulpina  (V. cordifolia) winter grape Vitaceae VIVU; Q; R;

Vitis vulpina.Dan Busenmeyer.Illinois Natural History Survey.wwx.inhs.illinois.edu

Vitis vulpina (frost grape, winter grape) Vitaceae. Dan Busenmeyer.Illinois Natural History Survey.wwx.inhs.illinois.edu (Accessed 6/2015).

Vitis vulpina is a high climbing woody vine; bark brown, shredding, twigs mostly hairless, tendrils lacking at every third node, pith interrupted by diaphragms at nodes. 

Leaves alternate, to 22 cm long, green below, hairless to slightly hairy along veins or vein axils, heart-shaped to round in outline, slightly 3-lobed to lobeless near tip, base deeply round-lobed, shiny green above, green below, margin coarsely toothed, teeth broad. 

Flowers tiny, green, loosely flowered, to 15 cm long. 

Vitis vulpina (winter grape) Vitaceae. © Jeffrey S. Pippen. 131011-5731sandycreekz. jeffpippen.com

Vitis vulpina (winter grape) Vitaceae.© Jeffrey S. Pippen.  www.jeffpippen.com

Fruit black, (no bloom), to 0.3-0.9 cm wide; seeds to 0.5 cm long. Eaten and seeds dispersed by birds and mammals, including black bears, raccoons, coyotes, foxes, skunks and opossum (Wilson 1993). 

Wetland status: FAC. 

Frequency in NYC: Very infrequent. 

Origin: Native. 

Vitis vulpina (frost grape) Vitaceae. bark 080522-4167facez. © 2008 Jeffrey S. Pippen. jeffpippen.com

Vitis vulpina (frost grape) Vitaceae. bark 080522-4167facez. © 2008 Jeffrey S. Pippen. jeffpippen.com (Accessed 4/2017).

Habitat: Woods, thickets, soil pH 6-7.5.