Gaylussacia baccata black huckleberry  Ericaceae  GABA; Bx, pb; Q, cu; R, ah, an, ar, cp, ev, gr, h, sm, sv, t;

 

Gaylussacia baccata.Marilee Lovit.New England Wild Flower Society.gobotany.newenglandwild.org

Gaylussacia baccata.Marilee Lovit.New England Wild Flower Society.gobotany.newenglandwild.org. (Accessed 7/2014).

Gaylussacia baccata is a shrub to 1 m, tall, low, much branched, roots associated with highly specialized ascomycota ericoid mycorrhizae, (Allen1991); that increase nutrient uptake; colonial from underground stems. 

Leaves alternate, to 5 cm long, with yellowish resin dots both sides, margin entire. 

Flowers white-pinkish, sometimes reddish (darker red in bud), narrowly urn-shaped; in rather one-sided, short, compact, unbranched clusters (racemes) interspersed with small leaf-like bracts; May-June. 

Fruit fleshy, black, without waxy bloom, ca 0.7 cm diameter; ripens July-Sept. Seeds 10, ca 0.2 cm. Seed load 7%; pulp nutrients: water 95%, lipid 1%, protein 3%, CHO 64% (White 1989). Fruits edible but seedy, eaten by many birds and mammals, including raccoons (Martin et al 1951; Wilson 1993). 

Gaylussacia baccata (fruit).Marilee Lovit.New England Wild Flower Society.gobotany.newenglandwild.org. (Accessed 7/2014).

Gaylussacia baccata (fruit).Marilee Lovit.New England Wild Flower Society.gobotany.newenglandwild.org. (Accessed 7/2014).

Wetland status: FACU. 

Frequency in New York City: Occasional. 

Origin: Native. 

Habitat: Dry, undisturbed, oak woods, usually on poor, sandy, acidic soil. Tolerates soil acidity down to pH 3.9 (Greller et al. 1990). Found in soil pH 4.8 (Gargiullo unpublished data).