Euonymus europaeus spindle tree Celastraceae EUEU*; Bx, br, pb; Q, cu (Greller 1985); R, h;


Credit: Photo by Aldo De Bastiani

Euonymus europaeus.fruit.Aldo De (Accessed 7/2014).

Euonymus europaeus is a shrub to 7 m; twigs green, slender, opposite, apparently clonal from root sprouts. 

Leaves opposite, to 8 cm long, narrow, tip long-pointed, base tapered, margin toothed, stalk to 1.2 cm. 

Flowers greenish, about 1 cm wide, in clusters of 3-5 on a stalk to 3 cm long, May. 

Fruit red to pink 4-lobed capsule, ca 1.5 cm wide, opening to reveal seeds covered by fleshy orange arils, Sept.-Dec.; bird dispersed. Reputed to be poisonous (Kingsbury 1964). 

Wetland status: NL. 

Frequency in New York City: Infrequent. 

Origin: Europe, western Asia. 

Habitat: Moist woodland edges. Often overgrown horticultural specimens.