Euonymus americanus strawberry-bush Celastraceae EUAM; Q, f (planted); R; bm (planted), gb (planted), h (planted), t (planted);

Euonymus americanus.Photo © H & M Ling.Native Plant Society of New

Euonymus americanus.fruit.Photo © H & M Ling.Native Plant Society of New

Euonymus americanus is a shrub 1-2 m tall, erect to sprawling, twigs slender, green, 4-lined, square in cross-section. 

Leaves opposite, stalks 0.1-0.3 cm long, narrow, 3-4 cm long, fall color red. 

Flowers greenish-purple, 5-parted, 1-1.2 cm wide, petals narrowed at base; May-June. 

Fruit a warty, pinkish capsule, opening to reveal seeds covered by bright scarlet, fleshy arils, pulp lipid <10% (White and Stiles 1992), Aug.-Oct., bird dispersed. 

Wetland status: FAC. 

Frequency in New York City: Very infrequent; NYS rare, S1, threatened. Now planted in some restoration sites. 

Origin: Native. 

Habitat: Moist woods, soil pH 6-7.5. Very tolerant of shade. Moderately tolerant of flooding, soil compaction. Intolerant of salt, drought, Susceptible to Euonymus scale (Hightshoe 1988).