Elaeagnus angustifolia Russian olive Elaeagnaceae ELAN*p; Bx, pb; Q, i, j, tl; K, fl, gw, m, sc; R, fr; cp, e;

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Elaeagnus angustifolia.commons.wikimedia.org (Accessed 7/2014).

Elaeagnus angustifolia is a shrub to 10 m tall, usually thorny; young twigs pale, silvery, older stems glossy dark brown.

Leaves alternate, 3-7 cm long, 1-1.5 cm wide, narrowly lance-shaped, dull silvery-green scaly above, densely pale-silvery-scaly below (Dirr 1990).

Flowers yellow, about 1 cm wide, radially symmetrical, fragrant. 

Fruit yellow to red sprinkled with silvery scales, 1 cm, 1-seeded; seeds bird dispersed.

Wetland status: FACU.

Frequency in NYC: Occasional.

Elaeagnus angustifolia_Fruto_2010-10-26_ArboretoParqueElPilarCiudadReal.fa.wikipedia.org

Elaeagnus angustifolia_Fruto_2010-10-26_ArboretoParqueElPilarCiudadReal.fa.wikipedia.org

Origin: Eurasia.

Habitat: Escaped from plantings along highways, into old fields, open areas in dry, low nutrient soil, pH 6-9.5 (USDA, NRCS 2011).

Notes: Pioneer species. Resprouts vigorously after burning or cutting. Roots have nitrogen-fixing nodules. Shades out and displaces native plants (Young 1996).