Dysphania Genus (formerly included in Chenopodiaceae) Chenopodiaceae

Dysphania pumilio plant in bloom. By Arthur Haines. Copyright © 2018. New England Wild Flower Society. gobotany.newenglandwild.org

Dysphania pumilio plant in bloom. By Arthur Haines. Copyright © 2018. New England Wild Flower Society. gobotany.newenglandwild.org (Accessed 1/2018)

Dysphania is a genus of herbs covered with stalked, glandular hairs (trichomes), and sometimes also with unstalked glands or sometimes nearly smooth. They are distinguished from Chenopodiums by the lack of “mealy”, white hairs (Clemants and Mosyakin in Flora of North America)Red pigments are betalains rather than anthocyanins.

Leaves alternate, simple, no stipules. 

Dysphania ambrosioides (epazote) flowers. Salvador Gregori. binipatia.com

Dysphania ambrosioides (epazote) flowers. Salvador Gregori. binipatia.com (Accessed 1/2018).

Flowers green to reddish, radially symmetrical, very small, no petals, calyx usually 1-5 parted, lobes mostly blunt, curved over superior ovary, stamens same number as sepals; inflorescence mostly of small, head-like flower clusters, in spike-like or branched arrangements.

Dysphania ambrosioides fruit. By Gerry Carr. Copyright © 2018 Gerry Carr. Oregon Flora Image Project - www.botany.hawaii.edu/faculty/carr/ofp/ofp_index

Dysphania ambrosioides fruit. By Gerry Carr. Copyright © 2018 Gerry Carr. Oregon Flora Image Project – www.botany.hawaii.edu/faculty/carr/ofp/ofp_index (Accessed 1/2018).

Fruit dry, thin-walled, 1-seeded, surrounded by persistent calyx.