Crataegus mollis downy hawthorn Rosaceae CRMO; Bx, br; NY, ct; Q, a (horticultural), cu;

Crataegus mollis.© 2014 Virginia Botanical

Crataegus mollis.© 2014 Virginia Botanical (Accessed 5/2014).

Crataegus mollis small tree to 12 m tall, roots associated with ectomycorrhizal fungi (Dickinson 1985), sparingly thorny, thorns tend to be quite long (ca 2-4 cm), young twigs wooly, becoming smooth, dark brown sprinkled with tiny, pale lenticels; stipules 1.7 cm, asymmetric, curved, toothed along one side, deciduous.

Leaves alternate, stalk about 4 cm long, blade to 10 cm long, 8 cm wide, broadly egg-shaped but variable, usually lobed, margin toothed, hairy above, wooly below when young, becoming almost hairless above, slightly hairy below, veins running to tips of leaf teeth.

Flowers white, 1.6-2.3 cm, in branched clusters, stalks wooly, sepals coarsely toothed with glandular tips, persistent in fruit, wooly on both sides.

Fruit fleshy, red with tiny pale dots, large, 1.3-1.7 cm, ends hairy, flesh yellow, edible, seeds 3-5.

Wetland status: FACU.

Frequency in NYC: Very infrequent.

Origin: Eastern North America.

Habitat: Cultivated. Very infrequently escaped in edges. More usually overgrown horticultural specimens. Appears fairly shade tolerant.