Cornus mas Cornelian cherry Cornaceae COMA*; Bx, br, pb; NY, ct, ft, hb; Q, a; K, p;

 

Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita, Università di Trieste - Progetto Dryades - Picture by Andrea Moro - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share-Alike 3.0 License

Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita, Università di Trieste – Progetto Dryades – Picture by Andrea Moro – Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share-Alike 3.0 License. luirig.altervista.org.

Cornus mas is a small tree or multi-stemmed shrub to 6 m tall; bark flaking and peeling, brown; young twigs angled, green, reddish above, winter flower buds in axils rounded, yellow-green brown; leaf buds greenish, silky, vein scars 3 (use lens), Petrides 1972). 

Leaves opposite, egg-shaped to elliptic, to 10 cm long, 3 cm wide. 

Flowers yellow, four-parted, small, in March before leaves (earlier than Spicebush). 

Fruit bright red, fleshy, about 1 cm long, smooth, 1-seeded, edible when cooked, July (Dirr 1990). 

Wetland status: NL. 

Frequency in NYC: Infrequent. 

Origin: Europe. 

Habitat: Horticultural, especially along highways, sometimes escapes into natural areas, or plantings become overgrown.