Carex crinita crinkled sedge Cyperaceae CACR; Bx, pb, sf, vc; Q, cu, u; R, ca, ev, gb, t;

 

carex-crinita-mbg-mercer-co-pk-reservoir-611991

Carex crinita.M.B.Gargiullo.Mercer Co., NJ.6/1991

Carex crinita is a robust perennial sedge, 40 cm to 1.6 m tall, stems clumped, sharply 3-sided, rough-textured. 

Leaves alternate, blades about 1 cm wide, flat, rough textured, basal leaves with sheaths only, bladeless, leaves of upper stem few, shorter than flowering stem, bracts below inflorescence, long, leaf-like but sheathless, 20 to 55 cm long. 

Flowers dry, tiny, monoecious, male spikes about 6 cm, at top of flowering stem, female spikes 3-6, 1-10 cm long, cylindrical, drooping and often curved, on short thin stalks, scales with prolonged awn giving the spike a bristly appearance, perigynia 0.2-0.4 cm, rounded; achenes flattened; blooms and fruits June-July. 

carex-crinita-mhbg-nova-scotia-ca-national-park-kejimkujik-7302016-4

Carex crinita.M.B.Gargiullo.Nova Scotia, Ca.7/2016.

Wetland status: OBL. 

Frequency in NYC: Infrequent. 

Origin: Native. 

Habitat: Open swamp forests, pond edges, marshes, vernal ponds, soil pH 4-7.5, tolerant of anaerobic soil, moderately tolerant of shade, intolerant of fire, salt, and drought (USDA, NRCS 2010). 

Notes: Seeds eaten by many birds and small mammals, plants eaten by some mammals, roots eaten by moles (Martin et al. 1951).