Aquilegia vulgaris European columbine Ranunculaceae AQVU*; Bx, pb (DeCandido 2001);

  

 commons.wikimedia.org (Accessed 3/20140)

Aquilegia vulgaris.commons.wikimedia.org (Accessed 3/20140)

Aquilegia vulgaris is a perennial herb to 2 m tall (usually less). 

Leaves alternate, 2 times compound, leaflets lobed, bluntly toothed.. 

Flowers blue, white or pink, 3-4 cm, nodding, radially symmetrical but complex structure, 5 red petal tubes forming spurs, center with cluster of protruding stamens, May-June. Usually larger than A. canadensis

Fruit dry, hollow, 5-parted, elongate about 1.5 cm, capsules joined together, splitting open at tops to release small shiny black seeds. Winter plant pale brown with open, 5-parted fruit husks at tips of branches.

Wetland status: UPL. 

Frequency in NYC: Very infrequent. 

Origin: Europe. 

Habitat: Garden plant. Escaped or planted inappropriately in woodlands.