Allium canadense wild garlic; meadow garlic Liliaceae  Bx, pb (DeCandido 2001; Z. Wang 2017), vc (Zihao Wang 2016); Q (DeCandido 2001); R, rc;

Allium canadense, plant. © Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011. discoverlife.org

Allium canadense, plant. © Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011. discoverlife.org (Accessed 8/2017).

Allium canadense perennial monocotyledon, 20-60 cm tall from a bulb 1-3 cm, coat of bulb a fibrous net, colonial from bulb offsets, smells strongly of onion or garlic.

Leaves alternate, along the lower third of the flowering stem, blade flat, elongate, linear, 0.2-0.4 cm wide. 

Allium canadense flowers. © 2001 Eleanor Saulys. ct-botanical-society.org.jpg

Allium canadense flowers. © 2001 Eleanor Saulys. ct-botanical-society.org.jpg (Accessed 12/2014).

Flowers white-pink, small, radially symmetrical, 6 petals, on slender stalks to 3 cm long, from a tight cluster, at top of stalk to 60 cm long, above leaves; blooming May-June. Flowers very often replaced by small bulbils with a tiny curling leaf. 

Fruit when present, dry, hollow, a 3-lobed capsule, splitting open to release small, black seeds. 

Wetland status: FACU. 

Frequency in NYC: Very infrequent. 

Origin: Native. 

Habitat: Moist open areas.